ClimEco 3 - A View Towards Integrated Earth System Models. Human-nature Interactions in the Marine World

Time: 23.08.2012 - 28.07.2012
Location: Ankara, Turkey

IMBER focuses on the interactions and linkages between biogeochemical cycles and food webs with a view towards improving predictive capability for marine ecosystems. It is now apparent that the human dimension is an important component of marine ecosystems. Inclusion of the human aspects into marine ecosystem research is only beginning and considerable development is still required to allow meaningful interfacing of food web, biogeochemical and socio-economic systems. The inclusion of human impacts in Earth System models will allow the development of more accurate scenarios under future climate change.


The programme focused on the interface between marine ecosystem biogeochemistry, physical drivers, food webs and socio-economic systems; with lectures on modelling all of these system processes, as well as model coupling and Earth System models. To help understanding there will be daily "hands-on" sessions with example models that can be usefully explored in the time available.


Overview of Earth System and socio-economic models

  • Integrated Earth System models
  • Physical-biological-chemical interactions in the Earth System
  • Earth System models and feedbacks
  • Global/regional socio-economic models
  • Coupling the realms

Modelling low trophic level processes and human interactions

  • Earth, life and sustainability
  • The microbial web and plankton
  • Benthic invertebrates and human impacts
  • Human interactions with biogeochemical cycles

Modelling high trophic level processes and human interactions

  • Modelling vertebrates - population dynamics vs Individual-Based Models
  • Simple fisheries models
  • Overview of Ecopath and Ecosim models

Putting people into Earth System models

  • Human sectors of interest for Earth System models
  • Representing fisheries using predictive fleet dynamics models
  • The basics of economics
  • Policy analysis using tools like Ecosim
  • Ecospace models - making a spatial model
  • Ecospace models - exploring spatial management and fleet dynamics

Modelling approaches for marine populations and social networks

  • Representing synthetic populations and social networks
  • Overview of impact models and agent-based approaches
  • Hybrid models and model coupling


  • Jacopo Baggio (Arizona State University, USA)
  • Laurent Bopp (LSCE, France)
  • Elizabeth Fulton (CSIRO, Australia)
  • Hezi Gildor (The Hebrew University, Israel)
  • Eileen Hofmann (Old Dominion University, USA)
  • Markus Jochum (NCAR, USA)
  • Raghu Murtugudde (University of Maryland, USA)
  • Baris Salihoglu (Middle East Technical University, Turkey)
  • Rashid Sumaila (University of British Columbia, Canada)
  • Ingrid Van Putten (CSIRO, Australia)


This was interdisciplinary summer school. We welcomed applications from both natural and social scientists working on topics related to oceans and climate change who where interested in the challenge of crossing the barriers between disciplines.