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Theme 4

Responses of Society

What are the relationships between marine biogeochemical cycles, ecosystems and human society?


This theme will focus on interactions between human and ocean systems. Its motivation stems from recognition that humans not only influence ocean systems, but also depend on ocean systems for goods and services. IMBER aims to understand the human-ocean-human interactions and to clarify what human institutions can do, either to mitigate anthropogenic perturbations of the ocean system, or to adapt to such changes. Thus, scientists from a wide range of disciplines collaborate to identify areas of joint concern and interest, and build a natural-social science research community.

IMBER focuses on understanding the multiple feedbacks between human and ocean systems.

Theme 4 diagram