Grand Challenge III
Infographic illustrating Grand Challenge III (left), which incorporates results from Grand Challenges I and II to develop the trade-offs, negotiations, communication and engagement mechanisms and decisions within aspects of natural science, social science and humanities research required for ocean sustainability under global change.
Priority research objectives (2022-2025)
- Develop knowledge on best practices for multilevel governance approaches to ocean climate adaptation and mitigation
- How are regions, countries and local communities adapting to shifting marine species and ecosystems and what best adaptive governance practices can be identified?
- What is the status of scientific and technical knowledge regarding potential marine options for climate mitigation and what ocean governance responses are needed?
- Develop understanding on key ingredients for transformation towards more sustainable, equitable and inclusive governance approaches to fisheries and aquaculture
- How are key sustainability principles, such as precautionary and ecosystem approaches and social equity, being applied (or not) at regional, national and local levels?
- What are the major governance constraints?
- How might law and policy frameworks be improved?
- Support implementation of post-2020 biodiversity targets for marine spatial planning, marine protected areas
- How are countries and regions proposing to implement the global targets?
- What are the roles of scientists and stakeholders in identifying and promoting MPAs and other effective area-based conservation measures?
- Are national laws and policies up to the task of ensuring social equity and justice in new protected and conservation area designations?
- Will international and regional organizations and arrangements cooperate in strengthening high seas governance?